Scientists Find More Evidence Of Sexual Pheromones In Primates

Science has taken a surprisingly long time to uncover the truth about pheromones, in particular the role they play in human and primate mating. Now Japanese scientists may have come close to establishing to everybody’s satisfaction that pheromones do exist in at least primates. If so, it would be harder than ever to claim that they would not also play a part in the mating of our own naked ape species.

As a report in this week’s National Geographic magazine points out, scientists only discovered the first pheromone in 1959 (bombykol, the scent of the female silkworm moth). Despite initial beliefs that pheromones would only exist in insects, scientific researchers have gradually worked their way up the evolutionary ladder to discover similar scent molocules that influence sexual behavior in rodents, pigs, and other mammals. More recently, various research has indicated the presence of pheromones in the ring-tailed lemurs of Madagascar, and this week a Japanese study into the cute little primates added further weight to the theory.

Researchers at the University of Tokyo recently added to that scent profile, finding three additional chemicals called aldehydes, which caused the females to linger longer around the male’s scents.

“We are surprised that the identified odors in this study smell relatively good to humans —fruity and floral,” says study co-author Kazushige Touhara, a biochemist at the University of Tokyo.

To be considered sex pheromones, these odors will have to be shown to affect only lemurs and increase their mating chances, Touhara says. If that is the case, they would be the first sex pheromones ever found in primates.

Social Distancing Is Playing With Our Hormones

Social distancing is likely playing around with our oxytocin levels – the ‘love hormone’ that plays a key role in bonding, trust, and human relationships. However, it’s not clear if it’s as straightforward as one might think. Although social interaction is known to raise oxytocin, research has also indicated that social isolation and stress can also raise oxytocin levels, presumably as a means to encourage the seeking out of social contacts.

While the impact of social isolation on levels of the love hormone is unclear, oxytocin has been linked to various objective markers of good health, such as reduced blood pressure and heart rate. It’s clearly a good thing for your body to be producing in these locked down times, so how can you raise it naturally when social distancing rules are in place?

While video chat apps such as Zoom and FaceTime cannot completely replace human contact, they are the next best thing in raising oxytocin levels healthily and naturally, as they allow eye contact and a real feeling of connecting to another person.

Writing in Psychology Today, Erin Leyba advises more frequent hugs for family members, and if physical contact is not possible, then regular chats on Zoom or other video conferencing apps.

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The product has been designed to elicit three specific things in a couple who inhales it – enhanced communication, deepened trust in one another, and a greater feeling of masculine protection.

The main ingredient in the scent of the candle is Methoxyestratetraenone, molecules claimed to have a marked estrogenic affect. The hope is that the pheromone will have affects on both the man and women, and enhancing and complementing the masculinity and femininity of each.

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Oxytocin Could Be Used to Treat Social Anxiety and Autism

Oxytocin is a hormone that works in something of a similar way to pheromones. One of the key differences is that oxytocin is not a ‘sexual communicator’ per se, but rather is produced by the body in order to regulate more general feelings of social trust and bonding in the individual. However, like pheromones, it has been found to produce these effects when inhaled from outside of the body (for example, via a spray).

There is much excitement in the medical community that oxytocin could one day be used as an effective treatment for a wide spectrum of social disorders, ranging from social anxiety to autism and even schizophrenia. A recent study conducted by Kings College London has raised these hopes further.

Scientists at Kings College London tested the hormone on 17 healthy volunteers. The oxytocin was administered by three different routes in order to see if each method had different effects to the others – through a nasal spray, through injection into the blood stream, and via a neubulizer.

Each of them received oxytocin through injections, a normal nasal spray and a nebuliser – a mask that covers the face and delivers medicine as you breathe.

While the patients received the drug, their brain activity was measured in an MRI scanner.

Dr Paloyelis and their team observed that in all three methods of delivery, the blood flow to the amygdala – the region of the brain involved in processing social information, emotion and anxiety – was reduced.

They also found that levels of excitement and alertness decreased.

Previous studies have shown that people who suffer from anxiety show increased activity in the amygdala regions of their brains.

Therefore, reduced activity may help to ease symptoms present in social situations.

The researchers also found that administering the drug via the nasal route targeted areas of the brain which the injection method did not reach, although it was not clear where.

The scientists concluded that the use of oxytocin as a potential treatment for social disorders may depend on the specific region of the brain targeted, and that a particular method of administering the oxytocin to the desired region may be more effective than others.

Sources include : https://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-8069105/Oxytocin-used-medicine-help-people-anxiety-autism.html

‘Men Can Smell When A Woman Is Aroused’

According to a recently published paper in the scientific journal – ‘Archives of Sexual Behavior‘ – researchers have found that ‘men process olfactory signals of women’s sexual arousal’. Or to put it in plainer language – men can smell when a woman is turned on.

The research group, from the University of Kent in England, conducted a series of experiments involving young heterosexual men and women in order to determine if a female mating cue – such as sexual arousal – could be transmitted to potential male partners via ‘chemosignals’ (more commonly referred to in this context as pheromones) .

Young heterosexual women with an average age of 19, none of them taking hormonal contraceptives, were shown an erotic (for women) film, and then samples of their sweat were taken using cotton swabs wiped under their armpits when they reported being sexually aroused by the film. Sweat samples were also taken when the young women were not in a state of sexual arousal.

Both types of sweaty scent were then sniffed at by the male volunteers participating in the experiment, all heterosexual men with an average age of 21. It was indeed found that the men rated the scent of the women in a sexually aroused state as being more attractive.

In a further twist to the experiment, the men were then shown pictures of various women in either sexual or non-sexual poses, whilst they were either exposed or not exposed to the scent of the sexually aroused women. The researchers found that the men inhaling the scent would increase their attention and declare themselves more likely to pursue the women in sexual poses, but would not show any greater attention than the placebo group when it came to the photos of women in non-sexual poses.

In three experiments, axillary perspiration samples were collected from female donors while they were sexually aroused and (at a diferent time) while they were non-sexually aroused; then,
male recipients were exposed to each of these scent samples. Experiment 1 tested the hypothesis that males would evaluate the scent samples of sexually aroused females as more attractive than the non-sexual scents. Experiment 2 tested whether exposure to the sexual scent samples would increase males’
sexual arousal. Finally, Experiment 3 explored whether female sexual chemosignals augmented men’s attention to female sexual cues in a subsequent task. Specifcally, in Experiment
3 it was examined whether exposure to sexual arousal scents would lead males to spend more time viewing photographs of scantily dressed women in seductive poses and report a greater
motivation to pursue these women.

https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/s10508-019-01588-8.pdf

The researchers concluded that their initial hypothesis, which appears to have been based upon evolutionary psychology, that men (who have less mating choices than women) would have an evolutionary advantage in being able to pick up olfactory cues as to a female’s willingness to mate, was confirmed by the experiments.

Note that the research paper uses the term ‘chemosignals’, which is a general word used to describe purported molecules that can transmit emotional information about one individual to another. The word for these molecules when in the context of sexual signals is pheromones, but this term is still unfortunately highly contentious at this time in the scientific community.

The experiments made no attempt to determine what the particular ‘chemosignals’ or pheromones, which were present in the sweat of the sexually aroused females, and responsible for the men’s greater sexual attention were. Undoubtedly, though, it serves as further proof that pheromones are a real thing in humans, just as they are with virtually all other animals, even if the precise mechanism in which they work in humans is yet to be established.

One purported female pheromone that is likely secreted through sweat glands is estratetraenol. Known to be produced via the ovaries, it is suspected to be also found in female urine and sweat, and long been considered the most likely candidate for a female pheromone. Many of the top pheromone sprays for women contain it, including my best rated female pheromone spray ‘True Sexiness‘.

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The first pheromone in the blend is estratetraenol. Created in a woman’s ovaries, not only is this thought to play a role in the regulation of the menstrual cycle, it was found by one study to increase testosterone in men.

Added to estratetraenol in the spray are copulins – powerful female pheromones secreted in the vagina that in one scientific study were shown to increase a male’s sense of self-esteem and sexual attractiveness.

Available from True Pheromones website, a nice feature is the ability to order it scented (with vanilla scent) or unscented. You can also choose how much of the copulins you want added before checkout, or even just purchase it as a pure estratetraenol pheromone spray (although I’d highly recommend you do add copulins).

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The Best Five Pheromone Sprays for Women 2020

I’ve spent a lot of of time researching the science behind pheromones and examined dozens of the most popular pheromones for women. I’ve studied the ingredients, read customer reviews, and checked out the trustworthiness of the companies making them. Here’s my honest guide to the best five for you to consider trying in 2020.

The Five best female pheromone sprays online

1 # True Sexiness – two powerful pheromones backed by science

Contains two female pheromones – Estratetraenol and Copulin – that combined produce probably the most scientifically backed pheromone spray you can buy to attract men with. Read our full review here.

2 # Attrakt for Her – oxytocin combined with female pheromone

Everybody has read of the ‘love hormone’ oxytocin and its now well established role in all aspects of human social bonding, including sexual relationships. Well the good news is that the leading seller of oxytocin spray has created a formula which blends it with the powerful female pheromones called copulins. Read our full review here.

3 # True Communication – blend of estratetraenol and copulins

Made of a potent blend of intense copulins and estratetraenol – two of the most studied and cofirmed female pheromones that work together to stimulate testosterone production in men that you meet. Read our full review here.

4 # AromeDeFemme – lightly scented copulins to stir romance

A delicately scented French perfume spray that has been packed with copulins – female pheromones that have been scientifically shown to raise male sexual self-esteem. Read our full review here.

5 # Primal Woman – unscented spray for natural appeal

A balanced bland of the pheromone androsteNOL and copulins to give you increased confidence AND sex appeal. This is one of the best selling pheromone sprays for women online. Read our full review here.

Primal Woman Review

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A potent blend of the powerful pheromone AndrosteNOL and widely studied female sex pheromones known as copulins.

This balanced combination of the two ingredients has been designed as much to increase your self-confidence as well as enhancing your natural feminine sex appeal to others.

Spray is unscented, although the copulins do contain a light natural aroma.

One of the most popular pheromone sprays for women

Primal Woman is the flagship bestselling pheromone spray for women at Love Scent, one of the biggest and trusted pheromone stores online. It contains AndrosteNOL, originally studied as sexual pheromone in male boars, it is produced in humans by both men and women, including by women in the ovaries. Some researchers have proposed that AndrosteNOL plays a key role in female menstrual synchrony – the name given to the phenomenon of women living in close contact with each other developing simultaneous menstrual cycles.

Copulins are specifically female pheromones that are secreted by the vagina. A recent study found that men who inhaled them became more sexually self-confident. They also rated pictures of females as being more sexually attractive, than did the control group who had been given a placebo.

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